Introduction to Marxist Theory of State | PhD Viktor Melnyk Author Lectures

  • We offer our students a course of online-lectures on the History of Political and Legal Thought: “Marxist State Theory” (In Ukrainian with English Subtitles).
  • A new online-course is based on the platform of “The Annals of Legal History”. This is a multimedia version of the implementation of the main goals and objectives of our Journal.
  • The Author and Teacher of Online-Course is Viktor Myroslavovych Melnyk, Ph.D. (in Political Science), Editor-in-Chief of the Scientific Journal “The Annals of Legal History” (Department of Political Science, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv).
  • The online-course is delivered in Ukrainian. In the future, it will be provided with another-language subtitles.
  • After every three lectures, students will be asked to complete a seminar tasks.
  • All students who successfully completed the seminar tasks and who watched all videos will receive special certificates.

Lecture First | Marxist State Ideal. Simply about Complicated!

  • the basic principles of the Marxist definition of the state – the apparatus of violence of a minority of owners over the majority of the poor;
  • conditions for the emergence of the political philosophy of Marxism;
  • the main printed works of Marxists on the emergence of the state.

Lecture Two | Marxism & Apocalypse 1/3.

  • basis and superstructure in the philosophy of Marxism;
  • economic determination of political institutions;
  • definition of socio-economic formations;
  • primitive, slaveholding and feudal society.

Lecture Three | Marx Business Age 2/3.

  • left Hegelianism of Marx and Engels;
  • dialectical materialism;
  • capitalist socio-economic formation.

Lecture Fourth | Construction Site of Marxism.

  • economic basis and political superstructure;
  • what did Marx write about in Capital?
  • classification of factors of development of the national economy.

      Lecture Five | What is Communism? Briefly About the Main Thing! (The final social-economical video is 3/3)

  • the theory of the socio-economic formation of communism;
  • three forms of communist futurology of the state;
  • methodological relationship between Marxism and positivism.

Lecture Six | Karl Marx Price.

  • theory of surplus value;
  • the role of industrial production in the era of capitalism;
  • raw materials and final consumption products.

Lecture Seventh | How to Make a Billion? Marxist Lifehacks.

  • a capitalist reading of the “Capital” of Marx;
  • theory of surplus value in the real sector of the economy;
  • business methodology.

Lecture Eight | Introduction to the Revisionism of Karl Kautsky.

  • ideological contradictions within Marxism;
  • the formation of various vectors of perception of Marxist ideology;
  • the deepening of contradictions between right and left ideologies;
  • the preconditions for the creation of the original political philosophy of Karl Kautsky (1854-1938).

Lecture nine | Political Background of Central Europe History (XIX century).  

  • Key state formations of German-speaking Europe in the 19th century (Holy Roman Empire, Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, Prussia and the Second German Empire);
  • socio-historical conditions for the creation of the political theory of Karl Kautsky (1854-1938);
  • Vienna system of international relations: its preconditions and crisis in the second half of the XIX century;
  • ways of differentiation of left (socialism) and right (nationalism) political movements in the XIX century.

Lecture ten | The Meaning of History in the Writings of Karl Kautsky.  

  • what to read according to Kautsky theory in “The Annals of Legal History”;
  • the problem of “new feudalism” in the works of my Czech colleagues;
  • Karl Kautsky as the founder of the theory of “universal welfare state”;
  • where did Kautsky study and who exactly influenced the formation of his views?

Lecture eleven | Resources as the Basis of our Lives.  

  • work “Agrarian Question” by Karl Kautsky;
  • Kautsky neo-Malthusianism;
  • the problem of property according to Kautsky;
  • who should own the resources?

Lecture twelfth | Origin of Species or Origin of Classes? 

  • Kautsky monograph “Darwin and Socialism” (1875);
  • Kautsky monograph “The Economic Teachings of Karl Marx” (1887);
  • problems of Malthusianism and the theory of new Malthusianism according to Kautsky;
  • how to properly differentiate and stratify classes in social democracy?

Lecture thirteen | Christ, Kautsky, Marx and Opium.

  • Kautsky monograph “The Origin of Christianity” (1909);
  • the socialist content of Christianity and the Christian content of socialism;
  • theory of opposition of collectivism and individualism;
  • “religion is not an opium for the people!”.

Lecture fourteen | The Apotheosis of Imperialism.

  • discussion of the theses of Kautsky article “Ultra-imperialism” (1914), published in the newspaper Die Neue Zeit;
  • typology of forms and types of imperialism according to Marx and Kautsky;
  • Kautsky futurological predictions come true;
  • Is globalist ultra-imperialism alive today?

Lecture fifteen | Eduard Bernstein – Political Theory.

  • three types of Marxism according to E. Bernstein;
  • Bernstein’s opposition to Kautsky;
  • social democracy as the highest form of socialism;
  • why is socialism incapable of being “scientific”?